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Atkins Or Fadkins Essays and Research Papers. ? Katelyn Gibbs 1/30/14 Professor Hayes Anatomy and Physiology Atkins or “ Fadkins ” ? Questions: Section I: 1. Streetcar Prompts! . First, find out what nutrients Janine and Mitchell are talking about. Using a biology textbook and stranger, the resources listed, describe what the following molecules are and what they are used for in the human body. List some specific examples of each. Also list major dietary sources of named prompts, each. a. Proteins- macromolecules made of amino acids. Proteins have many functions in. Carbohydrate , Energy , Glucose 1253 Words | 3 Pages. Atkins or Fadkins Story Part 1 (not my work) ” “From where?” Janine asks, looking Mitchell up and john newton grace essay, down. As you look at your friend, you have to desire essay prompts agree with Janine: tall, lanky Mitchell doesn’t look like . he has an ounce of spare fat on him. “Wait a minute,” Janine says, “You’re not on that Fadkins diet, are you? That diet where you eat all protein and no carbs?” “Yeah, I am,” Mitchell says, defensively. “I hear it’s really good. Someone my brother knows lost ten pounds in like a month.” “Don’t you know those high-protein diets are bad for. Carbohydrate , Dieting , Energy 844 Words | 3 Pages.
Part 1 1. a. Proteins • made of amino acids • main functions - cell synthesis and repair, energy as needed • examples - soy, beans, legumes, nuts, . seeds, animal products (milk, meats, cottage cheese, etc.) b. Carbohydrates • made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen • main functions - primary energy source, fat and protein metabolism, energy reserves in stored glycogen, blood glucose fuels brain and essay, CNS • examples - starch, sugars (breads, pasta, starchy vegetables, fruit sugars, simple sugars. Carbohydrate , Energy , Glucose 668 Words | 3 Pages. The Atkins Diet: Is it Safe and Effective? People in named desire essay prompts today's society all want to find the perfect solution to essay camus their weight problems. Named Desire Prompts! They . are looking for a diet which would allow them to eat all the songs of innocence and experience thesis, foods they love and still loose weight. Dr. Robert Atkins , founder of the Atkins Diet, devised a diet that allows people to eat such food as fried eggs, bacon, steak and other high-fat foods as long as they drastically reduced the amount of carbohydrates they consumed. Is this a safe and effective. Atherosclerosis , Atkins diet , Dieting 1322 Words | 4 Pages. Daryl Atkins Daryl Atkins was born in a small town called Hampton, Virginia.
He was the oldest of many siblings and they all . seemed to look up to their big brother. Named Desire Essay Prompts! Unfortunately, by the time Daryl was seven years old his parents got a divorce. This paid a toll on the family financially. Poverty Culture! When Daryl’s father left, his mother picked up a second job to be the breadwinner of streetcar essay prompts, her large family. Daryl had many significant issues academically. He flunked out of the poverty thesis, third grade twice. He then made. Atkins v. Virginia , Capital punishment , Capital punishment in streetcar named the United States 1195 Words | 4 Pages. The Controversial Atkins Diet The Atkins diet is essay, a controversial topic to discuss. Now, having deeply researched the . Atkins diet, I have learned there is a lot that is streetcar named, positive about Atkins ' approach. Still, I'm convinced there are better ways to get the benefits of Atkins without its downsides.
By eating healthily and exercising, a person can reap the same benefits. As you're undoubtedly aware, Dr. Atkins ' basic premise is that we've all been eating too many carbohydrates, especially refined. Atkins diet , Carbohydrate , Dieting 1056 Words | 3 Pages. Professor Bernadette p. Mcpherson COR 201.07 Atkins v. Virginia Citation: 536 U.S. 304 (2002) Facts of the Case: On . Songs Of Innocence And Experience Thesis! August 16, 1996, after a day of drinking alcohol and smoking marijuana, 18 year old Daryl Atkins and friend William Jones walked to a convenience store and abducted Eric Nesbitt, an airman from the essay, nearby Langley Air Force Base. When abducted Eric Nesbitt, had 60 dollars in his wallet, Atkins then drove Nesbitt in his vehicle, pickup truck, to a nearby ATM. Capital punishment , Capital punishment in amazing grace the United States , Coker v. Georgia 832 Words | 3 Pages. Part 1: 1. Streetcar! Proteins: a class of nitrogenous organic compounds that consist of amazing grace essay, large molecules composed of one or more long chains of amino acids and are . an prompts, essential part of all living organisms, especially as structural components of thesis, body tissues such as muscle, hair, collagen, etc., and as enzymes and desire essay, antibodies.
Carbohydrates: any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in stranger camus foods and streetcar named, living tissues and including sugars, starch, and cellulose. They contain hydrogen and oxygen in the. Carbohydrate , Energy , Glucose 349 Words | 2 Pages. the Atkins diet. Even though it does help you lose weight quickly and easily, it doesn't provide a well nutritional eating style. Essay! The . Atkins Diet plan was developed by Dr. Robert Atkins over 30 years ago. (5) It revolutionized the diet world. Named Desire Essay! Despite the 10 steps writing essay, fact that the Atkins diet has been around for over 30 years, many people even to streetcar named desire prompts this day dismiss it as a passing fad. Essay Stranger Camus! However, I don't think this diet is a passing fad.
I believe this diet is going to be around for a long time. The Atkins diet. Atkins diet , Cereal , Dieting 1806 Words | 5 Pages. Named Prompts! 2. Chapter 6: Performance! Yes Janine is essay, correct Unlike muscle tissue, your nervous system and brain cells do not store glucose for songs thesis later use. Instead, they rely on a constant . supply of glucose from your blood stream. Prompts! In addition, they do not have the means to run on anything except glucose, so your dietary intake of carbohydrates is important for brain function. According to john amazing grace the Franklin Institute, nearly 10 percent of the energy needed by prompts your body is to maintain nervous and brain system functioning.-source live strong. Adenosine triphosphate , Energy , Glucose 377 Words | 2 Pages.
The Atkins Diet vs. the Food Lovers Diet. The Atkins Diet V.S The Food Lovers Diet. | Which Is Healthier? | | By: Tiffany Barnes | 12/1/2012 | . Songs Of Innocence Thesis! The growth in named prompts the number of obese people in America is writing, alarming. Many of us have had problems controlling our weight and why not with so much temptation around us. The problem everyone should consider when losing weight is not only how can we lose weight but also what is the essay, healthiest. Essay Stranger Camus! Adipose tissue , Atkins diet , Crash diet 1295 Words | 4 Pages. ?Adkins or Fadkins Case Study Part One – 1. Proteins - Proteins are chains of amino acids. In general, proteins may be structural . proteins used to build tissues, they may be enzymes that mediate chemical reactions, or they may be hormones. Examples of proteins would be channel proteins in cell membranes, collagen protein in the skin, actin and myosin in the muscles, and desire essay prompts, hemoglobin in red blood cells. Types of dietary sources would be, meat, milk, (both of which are not pure proteins, but are. Amino acid , Basal metabolic rate , Carbohydrate 702 Words | 3 Pages.
Daryl Atkins Eligible for songs of innocence execution is about Daryl Atkins murder case. Unlike most murder cases though Daryl . Atkins was mentally retarded and streetcar prompts, the debate wasn’t weather he was guilty or innocent, it was if he should receive the death penalty for his crime or not. The location of the crime played a big role in essay the jury selection because York County was a more white area compared to Hampton County where Atkins abducted Nesbitt. “The prosecutor is the public official who represents the people in legal. Capital punishment , Capital punishment in streetcar named desire the United States , Crime 634 Words | 2 Pages. ?The Atkins Diet is john essay, a diet where you eat less carbohydrates and more fats and proteins so; your body goes into streetcar named desire essay Metabolic State and starts to . burn fat instead of carbohydrates. 1. Many health problems can occur including blood problems, vomiting, bad breath, constipation, kidney problems and poverty, heart attacks. The one that I will be focusing on today is the higher risk of streetcar named prompts, heart attacks.
According to BHF (The British Heart Foundation), when they competed a study, they found out than an additional four. Artery , Atherosclerosis , Atkins diet 609 Words | 11 Pages. Scientific Researches Proving Weight Loss from Atkins Diet. PUBLISHED STUDIES SUPPORTING ATKINS Author Accurso Year Title 2008 Dietary Carbohydrate Restriction in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and essay, Metabolic . Syndrome: Time For a Critical Appraisal Journal Nutrition Metabolism University/Funding n/a This is a review article. Streetcar! Summary Experiments are summarized showing that carbohydraterestricted diets are at least as effective for weight loss as low-fat diets and that substitution of fat for carbohydrate is generally beneficial for risk of songs of innocence and experience thesis, cardiovascular disease. Carbohydrate , Diabetes mellitus , Dieting 1251 Words | 6 Pages. Summary of the Case Study-Weight?I Am on Atkins Essay.
Case Weight?I’m on Atkins 01. Desire Prompts! What social,cultural, personal factors are associated . with obesity? With eating disorders? What psychological factors? Ans: Social,Cultural, personal factors that are associated with obesity, these are given bellow- ? Cultural factors: Atkins diet/ South beach diet(Marketers) are always trying to spot cultural shifts in essay order to discover new products that might be wanted for the American. Streetcar Named Prompts! Appetite , Carbohydrate , Dieting 669 Words | 3 Pages. ?William O’Barr and Bowman Atkins Theorists Developed the idea that language differences are situation-specific Relies on the authoritative . power in a conversation rather than gender Challenged the theory of Lakoff (gender was the discriminating factor in of innocence language) Authority can be the product of superiority in streetcar essay jobs, careers, education systems and all manners of hierarchy Developed their theory by studying courtroom cases Observed a broad range of john amazing, witnesses over 2 ? years to examine basic speech. Essay Prompts! Biology of gender , Gender , Gender differences 419 Words | 2 Pages.
Nelson-Atkins Museum: An Insightful and Eye-Opening Experience. ?The trip to the Nelson- Atkins Museum was an insightful and essay stranger, eye opening experience. It was my second trip to a large art museum, the streetcar named essay, first . Chapter 6: Performance Managment! one being The Metropolitan Museum of essay, Art in New York City. Though I am not one you would call an Chapter 6: Performance Managment, art connoisseur, I do take interest in specific art pieces. I often find myself wondering what the streetcar named essay, artist was thinking about when painting or constructing a piece of work. I wonder what emotions they might have been going through or if someone unknown inspired. Aesthetics , Art , Buckethead 942 Words | 3 Pages. Thesis Sweden! ?Part l 5. Streetcar Named Prompts! Which substances supply energy to the human body? Nutrients- substances in foods that provide energy and form body tissue necessary for john newton grace life and . growth. -Carbohydrates- sugars, starch and fibre -Fats- main form of energy storage in the body -Proteins- amino acids require to build and repair body structures and to regulate processes in the body Part ll 1. Streetcar Desire! Find out thesis sweden, how the medical community defines “obesity.” What factors contribute to obesity? Obesity is an abnormal accumulation of body fat.
Adipose tissue , Energy , Glycogen 767 Words | 3 Pages. Jamaris Atkins Compare Contrast essay. ?Jamaris Atkins Eberhardt ENGL 1101 Compare Contrast 31 October 2014 LeBron James or Carmelo Anthony LeBron James versus Carmelo Anthony is . a very tough matchup and it is hard to pick the best one. They both are great players, but my opinion is streetcar desire essay, LeBron James and there are many reasons why. They both came in the NBA in 2003. Culture! They both played twelve NBA seasons.
Their career stats are totally different, but some maybe the same. They come from named essay prompts, two different places. Carmelo is older than LeBron by. Essay! All-NBA Team , Carmelo Anthony , Dwyane Wade 658 Words | 3 Pages. ? Atkins or ‘ Fadkins ’? by Karen E. Bledsoe Biology Department Western Oregon University, Monmouth, OR 1. Please go to prompts . School Wires for this link: http://www.sciencecases.org/ atkins /case1.asp 2. And Experience Thesis! Read all of Part I: “Macronutrients and Energy”. When you are finished, answer the named prompts, following questions: a) First, find out what nutrients Janine and Mitchell are talking about. Using a biology textbook and the resources listed, describe what the following molecules are and what they are used.
Blood sugar , Carbohydrate , Glucose 625 Words | 3 Pages. Atkins v. Peak, 514 N.E. 2d 850 (1987) Decision by Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court Facts: On March 20, 1982, plaintiff Marybeth . Atkins sustained serious injuries while skiing at Jimmy Peak Ski Resort. On December 5, 1984 plaintiff Marybeth Atkins sued defendant Jimmy Peak. Plaintiff alleged that her injuries were caused by defective ski equipment she had rented from the rental facility on the premises. She further alleged that the defendant failed to inspect ski equipment and the failure.
Civil procedure , Complaint , Injury 370 Words | 2 Pages. behavior modification. John Newton Essay! (Kaur, 2011). The Atkins ' Diet, one of the best known of the low carbohydrate diet programs, promotes the idea . that carbohydrates are an overweight person's barrier to loosing weight. This essay will examine specifically what the Atkins ' Diet calls for and the mounting body of evidence against low carbohydrate diets. Named! Atkins Nutritional Approach is one the way which is popular among the people wants to lose pounds quickly .The Atkins diet stresses that people reduce their carbohydrate. Carbohydrate , Dieting , Diets 2447 Words | 6 Pages. ? ATKINS DIET ANALYSIS Phuong Nguyen NUTR 1322 Friday 6pm What is Atkins Diet?
The Atkins Diet is also . known as the Atkins Nutritional Approach. It was made by Chapter 6: Performance Managment Dr. Atkins , an American cardiologist. Atkins Diet was developed by named desire essay reducing one’s carbohydrate intake. The body is an engine; carbs are the gas that makes it go. Low carb – Atkins is a modern and science diet based on energy metabolism. The principle of this mode is to cut the total amount of carbohydrates in the body because carbohydrates. Atkins diet , Carbohydrate , Dieting 1041 Words | 5 Pages. ATKINS OR FADKINS SUMMARY All macromolecules are essential to john newton the body.
One has to desire have the right amount of culture thesis, all of the streetcar named essay, . macromolecules in order to Chapter 6: Performance be healthy. It is believed that high protein diets with carbohydrate restriction causes weight loss. However as a result of named prompts, high protein diet, one damages his/her kidney which is responsible for culture thesis filtering proteins from desire, blood. In the article, Janine says, “If you eat too much proteins and not enough carbs you can ruin your kidneys forever.” I agree. Blood sugar , Carbohydrate , Glucose 461 Words | 2 Pages. Thesis! Atkins Diet Menu Plan While one of the streetcar essay prompts, best things about Dr Atkins diet plan is that you’re not condemned to a set . menu, sometimes a little bit of structure is helpful.
Here is a sample diet plan. The Atkins diet plan below is for those with a hearty appetite. Feel free to eat less or to eat more meat, eggs, or hard cheeses with meals or as snacks. Be sure to poverty thesis get at least 64 ounces (2 Lt.) of water each day. Essay! Decaf coffee or tea, soda water, or Splenda (sucralose) sweetened soft drinks. Atkins diet , Boiled egg , Chicken 919 Words | 5 Pages. Objectives ? Generation and songs of innocence and experience thesis, Evaluation of Alternatives ? Recommendations ? Implementation Plan Situation Analysis: Luke Atkins , from . Richard Ivey school of streetcar prompts, Business at The University of Western Ontario-a personinterested in raising fund for charity purpose, planned to launch Wgirl and Wboy calendars whichwould feature both male and female students of Western Ontario. Atkins previously had experiencein using calendars for fund raising purpose.
He used pictures of his rugby team for it. Now he isconcentrating. Calendar , Cost-of-production theory of value , Julian calendar 1181 Words | 4 Pages. Ronald Atkin , Revolution! Mexico 1910-1920 (London: Macmillan, 1969), 326pp. Revolution!
Mexico 1910-1920 was written by Ronald . Atkin . Of Innocence! Mr. Atkin’s career before this published work was focused around journalism. Though he has written many short articles on various topics for such publications as The Times and The Independent, he seems to have no previous professional experience in writing a historical publication of this magnitude Revolution! Mexico 1910-1920 is about the Mexican revolution. Emiliano Zapata , Francisco I. Streetcar Named Desire Essay Prompts! Madero , Mexican Revolution 1361 Words | 4 Pages. Essay! Currently there are four very popular diets on the market today. The Vegan/ Vegetarian, the streetcar named essay, Atkins , the Zone, and the Raw Food diet. But which . one out of the songs and experience thesis, four work the best? Let's dig deeper into some of these diets. Streetcar Named Desire Essay Prompts! Diets can be expensive though but at the same time do you want the body you've always wanted or not? The Atkins diet is one of the most used diets in essay stranger camus America.
According to their website, “The Atkins Nutritional Approach™ focuses on desire, a healthy diet with reduced levels of refined carbohydrates. Adipose tissue , Atkins diet , Dieting 1769 Words | 5 Pages. Sweden! Controversial Supreme Court Case Roper V. Simmons. KENTUCKY, 492 U.S. 361 1989) The Court later ruled in Atkins v. Virginia (2002) that, “mentally retarded persons were exempt from the death . penalty as well, a further sign of society’s changing standards.” ( ATKINS v. Desire! VIRGINIA, 536 U.S. 320 2002) The decision in Atkins explained that due to their impairments, “it is highly unlikely that such offenders could ever deserve capital punishment.” ( ATKINS v. VIRGINIA, 536 U.S. 320 2002) The reasoning in Atkins is Managment, applied to the Simmons decision. Kennedy argues.
Anthony Kennedy , Antonin Scalia , Capital punishment 1411 Words | 4 Pages. Streetcar Named Prompts! Exoneration: Crime and Group Option. 3. Case(1): Dwayne Allen Dail 5 4. Case(1): Group option . Writing Essay! 6 5. Case(2): Herman Atkins 7 6. Case(2): Life after exoneration amp; Group option 8 7. Conclusion . Streetcar Desire Essay! Barry Scheck , Capital punishment , Conviction 1020 Words | 4 Pages. The Coronado Youth Employment and culture, Recreational Services Case. group was not content with Margaret’s responses. Bill Hillis contacted the streetcar named essay, YERS president, Dr. Atkins , and requested a formal meeting with the . board of directors. The group, with Hillis as the spokesperson, also expressed concern to national YERS officials. National YERS funds, along with membership dues, are the primary source of poverty thesis, funding for the YERS programs. The national director of YERS contacted Dr.
Atkins to express his concern. He further stated his apprehension that any publicity of the issue. Board of directors , Corporate governance , Executive director 1102 Words | 3 Pages. Streetcar Desire! been a controversial issue over the years and many cases have been brought to the Supreme Courts. One precedent setting case was Atkins v. . Virginia (2001). This case was regarding Daryl Renard Atkins . Chapter! Atkins was sentenced to death for abduction, armed robbery and capital murder.
However, a forensic psychologist testified that “ Atkins was mildly mentally retarded” ( Atkins ). The question raised in this case was is capital punishment fit for named mentally retarded people or is it prohibited by the eighth. Capital punishment , Capital punishment in the United States , Death row 1725 Words | 5 Pages. to john newton amazing being manipulated’’ while he was away from home a lot with other teenagers. Simmons filed a new petition for state postconviction relief, arguing that . the reasoning of Atkins established that the Constitution prohibits the streetcar desire essay prompts, execution of a juvenile who was under 18 and in light of sweden, a 2002 U.S. Supreme Court ruling, in streetcar essay prompts Atkins v. Virginia, 536 U.S. Of Innocence Thesis! 304 (2002), that overturned the death penalty for the mentally retarded, Simmons filed a new petition for state post conviction relief, and the Supreme. Capital punishment , Crime , Murder 682 Words | 3 Pages. Five Methods for streetcar essay Identifying System Requirement. Death Row inmates who have mental retardation. One of these articles (Keyes, Edwards, Perske, 1997) was subsequently cited by the United States Supreme . Court in Managment the Atkins v. Virginia case (2002). No matter one’s opinion about the death penalty, the execution of people with mental retardation cannot be considered justice.
In Atkins , the U.S. Supreme Court has agreed with the prompts, stance of the American Association on Mental Retardation (AAMR) on culture, this issue. In light of the streetcar, importance of this decision. Capital punishment , Death row , Malingering 1772 Words | 7 Pages. and essay stranger camus, the processes it goes through before it reaches them. The majority of the general public eats a considerable amount of corn, in excess of named desire, 40% of john amazing essay, their . Prompts! daily caloric intake. What sticks out the most in this section is the re-emergence of the Atkins diet, or the “low carb” diet. It’s typical of of innocence thesis, our country to try and named desire essay, gain the most benefit by john newton amazing doing the least amount of work.
This diet really had people thinking that on a reduced carbohydrate, or no carbohydrate diet, that one could lose weight. Dieting , Food , In Defense of Food 1624 Words | 4 Pages. a screen out of one of the windows at the house, entered through the streetcar, window, and poverty, let Atkins and Krehwinkel through the front door. As . Watson was whispering to Atkins , Polanski's friend Wojciech Frykowski awoke on the living room couch; Watson kicked him in the head. When Frykowski asked who he was and what he was doing there, Watson replied, I'm the devil, and I'm here to named prompts do the devil's business. Atkins gathered all the people inside the Chapter 6: Performance, home and brought them to the living room. The three. Abigail Folger , Charles Tex Watson , Charles Manson 1663 Words | 5 Pages.
Low Fat Diets vs. Low Carbohydrate Diets. where you eat low fat or reduced fat. The Atkins diet plan, which is a low-carbohydrate diet, is a very popular diet. Many people have . lost a lot of weight with this diet. It was stated in a Diabetes Forecast article, Researchers at Stanford University made a splash in the diet and nutrition world last March when they reported that in a 1-year study of 331 women, participants lost more weight on essay, the controversial low-carbohydrate Atkins diet than popular rivals such as the Zone, Ornish. Dieting , Diets , Ketogenic diet 1910 Words | 5 Pages. Capital Punishment vs Life in Prison. neighbor who had already served 10 years of a life sentence for essay stranger camus murdering his half brother Charles in 1970. Joe Atkins cut the Pattersons' . phone lines then entered bearing a machette, a sawed off shotgun, and pistol. Streetcar Named Prompts! Karen's parents were chased out of their home by Atkins . Karen's mom ran to the Atkins home nearby where Joe then murdered his adoptive father Benjamin Atkins , 75 who had worked to persuade parole authorities to release Joe from the life sentence.
There are also cases. Capital punishment , Capital punishment in the United States , Crime 955 Words | 5 Pages. SCI 220 Diet and Weight Management. weight-loss program that you can recommend or not? Why?
Suggested weight-loss programs for culture thesis evaluation include any of the following 1. Amino Acid . Super Diet, by Gary Zisk; 2. Anti-Cellulite Diet, by Nicole Ronsard; 3. The Atkins Diet, by streetcar desire essay prompts Robert Atkins ; 4. Beverly Hills Diet, by Judy Mazel; 5. Cabbage Soup Diet, by Margaret Danbrot; 6. Thesis! Carbohydrate Addict’s Diet, by streetcar desire essay Rachel and Richard Heller; 7. Chapter 6: Performance! Eat to Win, by Robert Haas; 8. Streetcar Essay! Fit for Life, by john newton grace essay Harvey and Marilyn. Atkins diet , Cabbage , Cabbage soup diet 662 Words | 4 Pages. there is an agreement that there should be no execution of named, mentally retarded offenders. In the 10 steps writing essay, case of Atkins vs. Virginia, Daryl . Atkins was convicted of streetcar named desire, armed robbery, abduction and thesis, capital murder. A forensic psychologist had attested that Atkins was mentally retarded, having the IQ of 75. Although the jury first sentenced Atkins to death the Virginia Supreme Court rejected the conviction because Atkins was mentally retarded (Oyez). However there is named desire prompts, not much to say on common ground between both views. Antonin Scalia , Capital punishment , Capital punishment in the United States 1924 Words | 6 Pages. little impact on the employees, who for the most part, appeared to view the move as routine business for Chapter 6: Performance the company.
In the meantime, Tom Harris, the plant . Named Desire! manager, who “…was under increasing pressure to thesis sweden do more with less” (Palmer, Dunford, and Atkins , 211), contacted the University of Virginia in hopes of named desire essay prompts, obtaining new insights that he could share with his managers to help improve plant operations. After six months of interviews and observations, the consultant provided Tom with the results of. Change management , Decision making , Experiment 807 Words | 3 Pages. the man who had not helped Charles with his music career. However, Melcher no longer lived there; actress Sharon Tate and her husband, director Roman . 6: Performance Managment! Polanski, had rented the house. On August 9, 1969, Manson sent his followers – Watson, Krenwinkel, Atkins and streetcar named desire prompts, Kasabians – to Cielo Drive. At that time, the john, house was rented by streetcar named desire essay prompts Roman Polanski, a film director, writer and licentiate thesis, actor, who was then in London working on a movie. Polanski left his eight months pregnant wife who was also a movie star, Sharon Tate. Abigail Folger , Charles Tex Watson , Charles Manson 1300 Words | 4 Pages. Streetcar Named Desire Essay Prompts! penalty cannot be constitutionally imposed on poverty thesis, someone who is mentally retarded”, as it violates the rights protected under the 8th Amendment (Entzeroth, . 2011) (Mattimore, 2012) This ruling was confirmed and streetcar, established with the court case of 6: Performance, Atkins v. Virginia. ( Atkins v Virginia, 2001) (Mattimore, 2012) The Supreme Court “holds that the named essay prompts, Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibited the 10 steps writing, use of the death penalty as punishment for crimes committed when an offender was under the age of eighteen”(DeNunzio. Antonin Scalia , Capital punishment , Clarence Thomas 1729 Words | 5 Pages. Explain the Origin and the Concept of ‘Neighbour Principle’.
Illustrate with Decided Cases the Application of This Principle. decided cases the streetcar desire prompts, application of stranger camus, this principle. Essay Prompts! Above all, I want to Chapter explain the ‘Neighbour Principle’’. Lord Atkin stated his famous . neighbour Principle as was that 'You must take reasonable care to avoid acts or omissions which you can reasonably foresee would be likely to streetcar named prompts injure your neighbour `.This is sometimes known as the neighbour principle. By `neighbour`, Lord Atkin did not mean the person who lives next door, but `persons who are so closely and directly affected by my act that. Common law , Contract , Duty of john grace essay, care 1869 Words | 6 Pages. Marks) Explain why the profit or loss made in November 2010 has changed from the ?50 000 profit made in streetcar named prompts November 2009. (4 marks) Using the data in . Figure 1, calculate the profit or loss made by Atkins Ltd in November 2010. (4 Marks) Explain why it is important and how does it benefit Atkins Ltd for having a high quality product. 6: Performance! (4 Marks) Explain one advantage and one disadvantage for Jenny of operating as a franchise. (4 Marks) Explain two possible reasons why A to Z Frames has highly. Batch production , Corporation , Customer 548 Words | 3 Pages. Streetcar Named Desire Essay! be minimized before the winter rest. Essay Stranger Camus! Planting distance Canary Islands: the most popular planting schemes are as follows.
Keitt, Lippens, Kent = 3 ? 4 m . Osteen, Tommy Atkins , Gomera 1 = 5 ? 4 m or 6 ? 3m Andalusia: the most popular planting schemes are as follows. Most vigorous cultivars such as Osteen and Tommy Atkins = 3 ? 4 m Cultivars of medium vigor such as Kent = 2.5 ? 3 m Cultivars of low vigor such as Keitt = 2.5 ? 2.5 m Additional planting considerations Plantings have a southerly. Canary Islands , Fertilizer , La Gomera 434 Words | 3 Pages. Unit 3 P2 P2: Describe the Limitations and Constraints of streetcar essay, Marketing. UNIT 2 BUSINESS RESOURCES COURSE: BTEC National Diploma Business And Management – Year 1 2012 LECTURER`S NAME: Mrs Atkins . ASSIGNMENT: Task 1. Unit3. P2 DATE HANDED IN: 2nd October 2012 INTRODUCTION It is a requirement of the law that all businesses and organisations abide by given limitations and writing essay, constraints.
This report describes two selected limitations; Sales of Goods Act 1979, The Data Protection Act 1998 and streetcar named desire prompts, two constraints; Pressure Groups and The Advertising Standards. Advertising , Business , Corporation 710 Words | 4 Pages. Legalization of the Death Penalty. was a neighbor who had already served 10 years of a life sentence for Chapter 6: Performance murdering his half-brother Charles in 1970. Joe Atkins cut the . Pattersons' phone lines, then entered bearing a machete, a sawed-off shotgun, and a pistol. Karen's parents were chased out of their home by Atkins . Karen's mom ran to the Atkins home nearby, where Joe then murdered his adopted father, Benjamin Atkins , 75, who had worked to persuade parole authorities to release Joe from the life sentence.” This is one of the many reasons. Capital punishment , Capital punishment in named the United States , Crime 1072 Words | 3 Pages. Sweden! Execution of the Mentally Impaired: Does It Violate the streetcar named desire essay prompts, 8th Amendment? mental retardation. In Atkins v. Virginia 536 U.S. 304, the Court held that it is a violation of the Eighth Amendment ban on cruel unusual . punishment to execute death row inmates with mental retardation. By the culture thesis, end of the 20th century, the execution of mentally impaired offenders was prohibited by 18 U.S. states and by the Federal Government.
Some other states were considering legislation to follow suit: AZ, FL, MO, NV, OK, and TX. In 2002, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Atkins v. Virginia that. Streetcar Named Essay Prompts! Capital punishment 1828 Words | 7 Pages. pleaded for songs of innocence the life of her unborn child but was mercilessly stabbed in the stomach repeatedly by Susan Atkins . Kasabian also told the . courtroom, of Atkins ' chilling words to Tate before she stabbed her saying “Look, I have no mercy for you. You're going to die and you'd better get used to it!” Atkins then used the blood of Sharon Tate and wrote the streetcar named essay, word “PIG” on the front door. Society viewed Susan Atkins as possibly the most disturbed of essay camus, all the Manson killers, as she later in prison confessed to fellow. Charles Tex Watson , Charles Manson , Leno and Rosemary LaBianca 1909 Words | 5 Pages. Streetcar! problem. This information was obtained from Chapter 6: Performance, a web page created and maintained by: Lona Sandon, MEd, RD, LD (2003).
Current Weight Loss . Streetcar Desire Essay! Methods Slim-Fast Atkins The Best Life Diet NutriSystem Weight Watchers Length of Diet As long as it takes to lose weight then. Stranger Camus! use Slim-Fast to desire essay maintain weight. Atkins converts to a lifelong plan that limits carbs. Lifelong. It’s a life style choice. Essay! As long as it takes to meet weight loss goal. Streetcar Named Desire Essay! As long as it takes to meet weight loss goal.
Atkins diet , Body mass index , Dieting 1051 Words | 4 Pages. their own self-awareness into action at the first introduction to consultation by being introspective (Cumbie 2001). Essay! The ability to streetcar desire express genuine empathy . with emotional-intelligence is Managment, intrinsic to the health care worker in every health care field ( Atkins 2008). The initial health care worker introduction and the client with health concerns begin with the introduction of eye contact. Depending on the cultural background of the client, eye contact holds a welcome message from clear and concise conversation. Communication , Emotion , Health care 1101 Words | 4 Pages. Desire Essay! who had already served 10 years of a life sentence for murdering his half-brother Charles in 10 steps writing essay 1970. The murderer, Joe Atkins , cut the named desire prompts, . Pattersons' phone lines, then entered bearing a machete, a sawed-off shotgun, and a pistol. Karen's parents were chased out of their home by Atkins . John Amazing Essay! Karen's mom ran to the Atkins home nearby, where Joe then murdered his adopted father, Benjamin Atkins , 75, who had worked to desire persuade parole authorities to release Joe from the poverty, life sentence.” Other accounts show. Capital punishment , Capital punishment in the United States , Crime 1101 Words | 3 Pages.
Ugly American finally comes in to play in the book. Atkins who is a field engineer in Vietnam has a very skilled water pump service for areas . struggling with dry land. Streetcar Essay Prompts! The Vietnamese are trying to build roads and canals, which they do not need or let alone can afford right now. At this point all they need is licentiate thesis, a better way to essay prompts pump more amounts of 10 steps, water. He finds a young strong intelligent man to streetcar desire prompts help him and they come up with a better way.
Emma Atkins who is the sweden, wife of Homer finds something very weird. Eugene Burdick , Southeast Asia , The Ugly American 1028 Words | 3 Pages. Rough D: Psychosocial Effects of Childhood Sexual Abuse. (Spokas, Wenzel, Stirman, Brown, Beck, 2009, p.265). Studies continue to be done to desire prompts prove that CSA causes impairment in the cognition and emotional . processing. “Between 150,00 and john amazing grace essay, 200,000 new cases of named desire, CSA are reported each year.” (McLeer, Deblinger, Atkins , Foa, Ralphe, 1988, p.650). “Because children tend to underreport their sexual abuse and encounter difficulties in verbalizing their thoughts and feelings, the process of diagnosing sexual abuse is problematic” (Dubner, Motta, 1999, p.371). therefore. Child abuse , Child sexual abuse , Major depressive disorder 2274 Words | 7 Pages. Fad Diets and how they are harmful to your health. recommendations including the American Heart Association and American Cancer Society. These respectable organizations frown upon the high protein- (and high . fat, high cholesterol) eating plan that Atkins advocates. 10 Steps Writing Essay! Most fad diets are unconventional but does it help you lose weight? The short answer is yes. Atkins intentionally manipulates the streetcar desire essay prompts, diet as to create ketosis, Kenney says. Ketosis is an abnormal condition that occurs when the body is depleted of carbohydrates, triggering the sweden, production of an.
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Roots: The Saga of an American Family, Alex Haley - Essay. Roots: The Saga of an American Family Alex Haley. (Full name Alexander Murray Palmer Haley) American novelist and biographer. The following entry presents criticism on Haley's novel Roots: The Saga of an American Family (1976). Roots: The Saga of an American Family (1976) is an historical novel that purports to trace the African American ancestry of its author, Alex Haley, back to a tiny village in Gambia, West Africa.
Within two years of its publication, more than eight million copies of the named essay prompts book had been printed in twenty-six languages, and Roots had won 271 awards, including the Pulitzer Prize. Published in 1976, the volume also inspired a generation of ancestor-seeking Americans and led to newton grace essay, one of the most ambitious and most-watched television productions ever undertaken. Roots author Alex Haley was born in 1921 in streetcar named desire prompts Ithaca, New York, the stranger camus eldest of three sons. Streetcar Prompts? His father was a college professor; his mother a schoolteacher. Haley grew up in the small town of Henning, Tennessee, where his early memories reportedly included stories from elderly relatives about an 10 steps writing, African ancestor who refused to respond to the slave name “Toby.” The tales of his childhood eventually inspired the search for his past that led to the writing of Roots. Although Haley's reputation in desire essay prompts the literary world rests primarily upon this much-acclaimed historical novel, he is also remembered for writing Malcolm X's “as told to” autobiography in 1965. Haley wrote many articles for popular magazines, appeared on countless television shows, and lectured throughout the country until his death in essay 1992.
Plot and Major Characters. Roots is the story of Kunta Kinte, a Mandinkan from the streetcar desire small village of Juffure, Gambia, in West Africa, and his American descendants. 6: Performance? Kunta Kinte was “the African” about essay whom Haley's grandmother and others told stories. Roots imaginatively recreates the essay life of Haley's ancestor in Africa, his capture into slavery in 1676, and his experiences as a slave in streetcar named essay Spotsylvania, Virginia. Kunta refused to forget his African heritage and amazing essay adopt the ways and customs of his white masters. He made attempts to escape slavery, until after his fourth try his foot was severed by a slave-catcher. He later married Bell, the slave cook in the big house on essay, the plantation, and they had a daughter named Kizzy. John Newton Amazing Grace Essay? Kunta spent Kizzy's childhood teaching her the sounds of his native African language and imparting tales of her African ancestry. At the prompts age of fifteen, Kizzy was sold to a master whose rape of his new young slave resulted in the birth of the third generation, George, who in turn learned of his African heritage through the stories of his mother. This was the most famous of camus, Haley's ancestors, after Kunta Kinte.
George, known as “Chicken George” for his success as a gamecock trainer, fathered eight children with Mathilda. Streetcar? His fourth son, Tom, was the father of Haley's maternal grandmother, Cynthia, who was taken to licentiate thesis, Henning, Tennessee, on a wagon train of freed slaves. In Henning, Cynthia met and married Will Palmer and had a daughter named Bertha, who married Simon Haley: these were Haley's parents. The linear direction of the plot of Roots can be captured by the genealogical litany summarized above. The saga, however, incorporates the violence and streetcar prompts degradation experienced by slaves at every turn in the story, from the inhumane capture of young men and women on the shores of 6: Performance Managment, West Africa and the unspeakable horrors of the subsequent Middle Passage across the Atlantic Ocean, to the beatings, rapes, mutilations, and brutal living and working conditions to which slaves were routinely subjected, when they were not being bought and sold in marketplaces. Each generation from Kunta Kinte on streetcar, preserves memories of the stranger camus ancestral past while achieving incremental and achingly slow progress toward the day when they would be slaves no more. Roots riveted public attention on one of the most painful chapters of American history, and yet it was read—and in desire essay its television version, watched—by millions of Americans, black and white. In addition to treating the obvious subjects of slavery, black identity, and the power of oral history, Roots celebrates resiliency, the triumph of human spirit over cruelty, and the strength of family connections, both within and across generations. Families work together to Chapter 6: Performance, protect their members. Children are taught that principles are worthy of risk.
Ancestral memories are preserved and passed on through the telling of stories to streetcar, one's children, and humankind's universal search for its identity is given a personal face. These themes cross racial and ethnic boundaries and sweden help account for the book's immense popularity. Named? At the time of its publication, Roots was called “the single most spectacular educational experience in race relations in America” by Vernon Jordan, executive director of the National Urban League. The creative revelation of one family's story opened doors that had long been locked, in of innocence thesis individual families and in American culture as a whole. Although critics generally lauded Roots, they seemed unsure whether to treat the work as a novel or as a historical account. Desire? While the narrative is based on factual events, the culture thesis dialogue, thoughts, and emotions of the characters are fictionalized.
Haley himself described the book as “faction,” a mixture of fact and fiction. Most critics concurred and evaluated Roots as a blend of history and entertainment. Newsweek applauded Haley's decision to fictionalize: “Instead of writing a scholarly monograph of little social impact, Haley has written a blockbuster in the best sense—a book that is bold in concept and ardent in execution, one that will reach millions of streetcar named essay, people and alter the way we see ourselves.” Some black leaders viewed Roots “as the most important civil rights event since the john amazing grace essay 1965 march on Selma,” according to Time. Not all the attention accorded Roots was positive, however. In 1977 two published authors, Margaret Walker and Harold Courlander, alleged separately that Haley plagiarized their work in Roots. Streetcar Desire Essay Prompts? Charges brought by Walker were later dropped, but Haley admitted that he unknowingly lifted three paragraphs from songs of innocence thesis, Courlander's The African (1968). A settlement was reached whereby Haley paid Courlander $500,000. Streetcar Named Essay? The same year other accusations arose, alleging that Haley had altered data to fit his objectives, fabricating ancestors and changing timelines or geographic details to make the songs thesis story into named desire, the one he wanted to tell.
These charges were never proven or resolved, but Haley's supporters maintain that the of innocence and experience thesis author never claimed Roots was a factual document, calling it instead a work of “faction,” fiction based on the facts of his ancestry, as he discovered them. Despite these controversies, the public image of Roots doesn't seem to have suffered. It is still widely read in schools, and desire prompts many college and university history and literature programs consider it an essential part of their curriculum. Access our Roots: The Saga. Licentiate Sweden? Study Guide for Free. The Autobiography of Malcolm X (biography) 1965. Roots: The Saga of an American Family (historical novel) 1976.
A Different Kind of streetcar prompts, Christmas (novella) 1988. Alex Haley's Queen: The Story of an American Family [with David Stevens] (novel) 1993. The Playboy Interviews (interviews) 1993. Alan Crawford (essay date 4 March 1977) SOURCE: Crawford, Alan. “All in the Family.” National Review 29, no. 8 (4 March 1977): 278-79. [ In the following essay, Crawford reviews Roots.] “The end of the poverty American artist's pilgrimage to Europe is the discovery of America,” Leslie Fiedler writes.
So, too, the American artist's pilgrimage (if he is black) to Africa: after 12 years of research and half a million miles of named prompts, travel, Alex Haley has discovered an America that is john newton grace essay, feasting on his book [ Roots ] and has devoured a television adaptation as well. Haley thus finds himself an Instant Celebrity, that most American form of notoriety and one which, I suspect, leaves him feeling most ambivalent. Essay? For. (The entire section is grace, 756 words.) Get Free Access to this Roots: The Saga of an American Family Study Guide.
Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to ace every test, quiz, and desire prompts essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on thesis, your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere.
We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on streetcar named, the go. Download our handy iOS app for free. Richard West (essay date 23 April 1977) SOURCE: West, Richard. Songs Of Innocence And Experience? “ Roots and the Sunday Times. ” Spectator 238, no. Named? 7764 (23 April 1977): 19-20. [ In the following essay, West questions the veracity of john amazing essay, Haley's ancestral and historical claims in Roots.] As long ago as the mid-eighteenth century, a Negro slave from North America who had been given his freedom by streetcar desire prompts a considerate white man, returned to his home by the Gambia river, afterwards writing a book about his experiences. Until well into the nineteenth century, some of those freed slaves who went to the settlements at Sierra Leone and Liberia were able to find their relations or at licentiate thesis least their kinsmen. Perhaps the majority knew to streetcar named prompts, which tribe. (The entire section is 1894 words.)
Get Free Access to songs and experience, this Roots: The Saga of an American Family Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to streetcar essay, unlock this resource and thousands more. Sandra Rattley (essay date May/June 1977) SOURCE: Rattley, Sandra. Essay Stranger Camus? “The Impact of Roots : Real or Imagined?” Africa Report 22, no. 3 (May/June 1977): 12-6. [ In the following essay, Rattley questions the streetcar named essay prompts premise that Haley's book and widely-acclaimed mini-series will have a significant impact on civil rights and issues of and experience thesis, equality in the United States. ] Time magazine of named, February 14, 1977 said, and we quote:
In Chicago, they were talking about “Haley's comet.” … In New York, Executive Director Vernon Jordan of the National Urban League called it “the single most spectacular educational experience in race relations in America.” (The entire section is 3628 words.) David A. Gerber (essay date fall 1977) SOURCE: Gerber, David A. “Haley's Roots and Our Own: An Inquiry into the Nature of a Popular Phenomenon.” Journal of Ethnic Studies 5, no. 3 (fall 1977): 87-111. [ In the following essay, Gerber examines the 6: Performance social and popular culture phenomenon of essay, Roots -inspired interest in family ancestry and sweden African culture. ] For the moment let us withhold judgment and consider the desire following: —While ABC-TV originally assumed it could lay claim to approximately 50,000,000 viewers for its $6,000,000 production of Roots, in fact at least 85,000,000 and perhaps as many as 135,000,000 Americans watched the prime-time. (The entire section is 12836 words.) Merrill Maguire Skaggs (essay date fall 1978) SOURCE: Skaggs, Merrill Maguire. “ Roots : A New Black Myth.” Southern Quarterly 17, no.
1 (fall 1978): 42-50. [ In the following essay, Skaggs compares Roots with Richard Wright's Native Son.] The extreme popularity of Alex Haley's Roots, a book which seemed to reshape the literary image of blacks, suggests that the stranger camus public was ready to reverse a whole cluster of attitudes toward black Americans, and to view blacks exactly as the streetcar desire essay prompts book demanded. But, as William James remarked, “The most violent revolutions in an individual's beliefs leave most of his old order standing. And Experience Thesis? … New truth is always a go-between, a smoother-over of transitions. Prompts? … The. (The entire section is 3376 words.) SOURCE: Boyd, Herb. “Plagiarism and the Roots Suits.” First World 2, no. 3 (1979): 31-3. [ In the following essay, Boyd examines passages in Roots that author Harold Courlander charged were plagiarized from his novel, The African.] Plagiarism is a concept and a practice that can be traced all the of innocence and experience thesis way back to Roman law, and while it can be defined in several ways, for our modern sleuths and lawyers it has come to simply mean the act of one author appropriating the writings of another author—in short, literary larceny.
Such esteemed giants of Western literature as Chaucer, Shakespeare, George Bernard Shaw, and even Homer were accused. (The entire section is 2610 words.) R. Baxter Miller (essay date spring 1982) SOURCE: Miller, R. Baxter. “Kneeling at the Fireplace: Black Vulcan-ROOTS and the Double Artificer.” MELUS 9, no. 1 (spring 1982): 73-84. [ In the following essay, Miller traces parallels in Roots between the mythological Roman Vulcan, patron of arts and crafts, and streetcar named desire essay prompts the character of Kunta Kinte, craftsman and himself a mythical character to songs and experience thesis, generations of his descendants. ] Most reviewers of Roots have overlooked Alex Haley's allusions to Vulcan. 1 L. D. Streetcar Named Prompts? Reddick, 2 a Temple University historian, observes instead that the book is a literary masterpiece, although the literary critic Larry King 3 believes the book is more.
(The entire section is 5400 words.) Helen Chavis Othow (essay date March 1983) SOURCE: Othow, Helen Chavis. Of Innocence Thesis? “ Roots and the Heroic Search for Identity.” CLA Journal 26, no. 3 (March 1983): 311-24. [ In the following essay, Othow discusses Roots as a modern epic that has wide cultural appeal because it embodies the ongoing human search for streetcar essay meaning. ] An exploration of a very representative body of modern literature reveals that an outstanding feature of its philosophical temper is a disconnected civilization. Songs Of Innocence? 1 The works of Ernest Hemingway, Arthur Miller, Albert Camus (to some degree), Samuel Beckett, John Barth, and Thomas Pynchon, all reflect the malaise of our times.
Alex Haley's Roots 2 also embodies. (The entire section is 4979 words.) Carol P. Marsh (essay date March 1983) SOURCE: Marsh, Carol P. “The Plastic Arts Motif in Roots. Essay Prompts? ” CLA Journal 26, no. 3 (March 1983): 325-33. [ In the following essay, Marsh traces the significance of 6: Performance Managment, three major crafts—carving, weaving, and blacksmithing—in the multi-generational saga of the African family traced in Roots.] In Alex Haley's Roots, one of the prevailing motifs is that of the plastic arts. As the reader examines the novel, he finds that the motif forms a part of the spiral structure, which, in turn, creates the work's theme of returning. 1 Thus, we find that Roots abounds with direct references to the plastic arts, and streetcar named the motif seems to of innocence, develop with. (The entire section is 3303 words.) Michael Steward Blayney (essay date winter 1986)
SOURCE: Blayney, Michael Steward. “ Roots and the Noble Savage.” North Dakota Quarterly 54, no. 1 (winter 1986): 1-17. [ In the following essay, Blayney discusses similarities between the Roots portrayal of Africans and the portrayal of North Americans as the mythical “noble savage.” ] Time Magazine called it “Haley's Comet.” Black readers hailed it as the most important event in prompts civil rights history since the 1965 march on Selma, Alabama. In January, 1977, Roots was proclaimed the most popular television program in the medium's history, with the last of eight consecutive episodes reaching an Managment, unprecedented 90,000,000 viewers. (The entire section is 7325 words.) Christopher O. Named Desire Essay? Griffin (essay date spring 1996) SOURCE: Griffin, Christopher O. “ Roots, Violence, and the Context of Intention.” Griot: Official Journal of the thesis Southern Conference on Afro-American Studies, Inc. 15, no. 1 (spring 1996): 1-14. [ In the following essay, Griffin examines the use of violence as symbol in Roots.] This is streetcar named essay, ultimately the most profound claim that any ritual or any religious system can make: that through their thoughts and actions, people can fill their existence with meaning.
1. Roots : for many today, the title carries connotations associated with words such as. (The entire section is 7226 words.) SOURCE: Fishbein, Leslie. Songs Of Innocence And Experience? “ Roots : Docudrama and the Interpretation of History.” In Why Docudrama? Fact-Fiction on Film and streetcar named desire essay prompts TV, edited by Alan Rosenthal, pp. 271-95. Carbondale, Ill.: Southern Illinois University Press, 1999.
[ In the Chapter 6: Performance Managment following essay, Fishbein discusses the merits and prompts shortcomings of the use of television drama as a medium for preserving history. ] Roots was the sleeper of the 1976-77 television season, surprising even its makers by its phenomenal critical and commercial success. An unusual risk, ABC's production of Alex Haley's 885-page opus represented the of innocence and experience first time that a network actually made a movie based on streetcar desire prompts, a major unpublished. (The entire section is 10778 words.) SOURCE: Taylor, Helen. “Everybody's Search for Roots: Alex Haley and the Black and White Atlantic.” In Circling Dixie: Contemporary Southern Culture through a Transatlantic Lens, pp. 63-90. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2001. [ In the following essay, Taylor traces numerous effects of Roots on American popular culture, academic black studies programs, and Southern identity. ] Gone With the Wind created, and perpetuated, a white myth of the South for writing international readers and streetcar desire essay prompts audiences throughout the century. In the bicentennial year, 1976, however, a work appeared that looked set to sweep Scarlett, Rhett, and their faithful Mammy into. (The entire section is 12058 words.) Allen, Robert L. “ The Black Scholar Interviews: Alex Haley.” Black Scholar 8, no. 1 (1976): 33-40.
Alex Haley talks about Chapter Managment his parents, his upbringing, and his works, including the best-selling Roots and the mini-series to be based on the book. Baldwin, James. “How One Black Man Came to be an named desire essay prompts, American.” New York Times Book Review (26 September 1976): 1, 2. Offers an appraisal of Haley's Roots. Baye, Betty Winston. “Alex Haley's Roots Revisited.” Essence 22, no. 10 Steps Writing Essay? 10 (February 1992): 88-92. Illustrated article profiling the. (The entire section is 294 words.)
Roots: The Saga of an American Family Homework Help Questions. This miniseries had a huge impact on popular culture. Streetcar Named Desire Essay Prompts? It was watched by a huge proportion of the country and had an impact on amazing grace, people of all ethnicities. For many whites, the miniseries was a. This is an excellent question that may be best answered by essay a historian, rather than a book enthusiast.
The reason for this is that Alex Haley, the author of the novel Roots performed his research. I think two of the songs and experience major themes that can be identified in this impressive text is the theme of coming of age and then the theme of human rights. Critics have argued that the first section of this. Haley's thesis centers on the search through one's genealogical past for one's identity. Streetcar Essay? Haley's thesis is that the licentiate individual who lives in desire essay the present tense can be traced to poverty thesis, conditions as far. Kunta Kinte repeatedly refers to the fact that he knows who he is, and that he is streetcar desire essay, sure of his identity.
This is something that he comes to realise is a gift that few of the slaves he meets in.
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3 Ways to Write Eye-Catching Resume Bullet Points For Managers. Writing eye-catching resume bullet points for your management resume isn#8217;t a want. But, an ABSOLUTE need. Desire Essay Prompts! This is where many managers go wrong when writing their resumes. Poverty! HR managers and desire prompts recruiters look for managers who make things happen. In fact, you may too . 6: Performance Managment! If you#8217;re a manager who recruits and hires, then you#8217;re looking for the #8220;movers and named desire essay prompts shakers#8221; too.
Right? So, how do you go about thesis adding eye-catching bullet points to your resume? How to Write Eye-Catching Resume Bullet Points For Your Management Resume. Accomplishments demonstrate your skills and experience. It’s one thing to claim you can do something — it’s another to prove you can. First, know that resume bullet points are more often reserved for streetcar named desire prompts achievements. You can identify career accomplishments for your resume in different ways. Start by looking at your past performance reviews.
Ponder your most notable projects, tasks, clients, and so on. List awards and recognition you received as well. Camus! In short, to add pizzazz to your resume bullet points is to put context to essay, your accomplishments. The successes you produced for songs of innocence and experience each employer. Using the named essay below STAR formula works great: An example of a STAR statement/resume bullet point would be: Recruited to revitalize and manage an songs of innocence underperforming sales territory characterized by significant account attrition. (Situation) Tasked with reacquiring accounts that had left the company within the last six months. (Task) Developed contact list for lapsed accounts and streetcar named initiated contact with decision-makers at each company. (Action) Reacquired 22% of stranger camus former customers, resulting in $872,000 in revenue. (Result) Quantifying your accomplishments also helps you stand out from others who do the streetcar named prompts work you do. Second, realize that every bullet point in newton amazing essay, your resume needs to start with an action verb. Actions verbs are easy to identify. They are verbs that reflect action.
So, a few example action verbs would include: These same power words are within the desire essay prompts body of your bullet points as well. For example, #8220; Generated double-digit increases in new product revenues. Captured competitor replacement business and initiated strategic partnerships with 3 technology industry leaders.#8221; Adding a few accomplishment-specific action verbs go a long way too. For example, consider starting out your bullet points with one of these actions verbs: Third, don#8217;t settle for culture thesis #8220;okay#8221; resume bullet points for your resume. [Okay] Introduced BI/analytics platform to the global sales team. Streetcar Desire! Provided predictive sales analytics, data visualization, and qualitative CRM research. [Better] Introduced BI/analytics platform to the global sales team. Provided predictive sales analytics, data visualization, and writing essay qualitative CRM research for named essay $293MM worth of business development expenditures. [Best] Introduced BI/analytics platform to the global sales team. Provided predictive analytics, data visualization, and qualitative CRM research for $293MM worth of business development expenditures. Essay Camus! Increased revenue by 23.1 % in the first 90 days and expected to streetcar desire essay prompts, generate an incremental EBITDA of up to $39.7MM in the next year. Okay, let#8217;s say you#8217;re not a great manager. And Experience Thesis! I often hear from this from management and executive clients that I work with. #8220;My company is a bit small and streetcar named desire essay doesn#8217;t enable me to produce big results.
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Expected to add nearly $2M in revenue in culture, 2016. See what I mean? It#8217;s not necessarily what you#8217;ve initiated, but what you#8217;ve helped your team, department, or company accomplish. Use the desire prompts above STAR formula to help you flesh out eye-catching resume bullet points. Chapter! Using this writing formula can help you conceptualize and write better resume bullet points. Do you need help writing and adding resume bullet points to your management resume? Let#8217;s Talk. Click Here to Schedule a FREE Initial Consultation. Call Louise Garver today @ (937) 429-1332. Resume Writing Career Coaching To Get You Interviewed Hired Faster. How to essay prompts, Know When It’s Time to Make a Job or Career Change.
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essay on virtues The Power of Independent Thinking. Civilizing Society: Virtues, Freedom, and Development. Junior Faculty Winner. Third Prize ($1,500) This paper attempts to answer two important questions in economics. First, what virtues are important for promoting economic progress? Second, what is the source of these virtues? To answer these questions, I rely on recent studies suggesting that the virtues of trust, tolerance and named respect, individual determination, and obedience are important for poverty thesis understanding how civil society supports prosperity. Specifically, trust, respect, and individual motivation, encourage and desire support economic freedom, whereas obedience can hinder economic advancement.
I also explore competing explanations for the determinants of virtues including religion, the role of government, and the act of economic exchange for civilizing society. My analysis finds support for the latter source. Keywords: virtues, institutions, development, trust, social capital, culture. The link between economic institutions, such as well-defined and licentiate thesis sweden secure property rights and the rule of law, and economic development is well documented in streetcar named desire prompts, the literature (Montesquieu 1748; Smith 1776; Demsetz 1967; Hayek 1960; Bauer 2000, North 1990, 2005; Keefer and Knack 1997; Rodrik, Subramanian, and Trebbi 2004; Acemoglu and john grace essay Johnson 2005). North (1990, 2005) argues that institutions provide the rules of the game that structure political, economic, and social interaction. These constraints provide the incentives and information to facilitate production and exchange, investment, technological innovation, and streetcar prompts entrepreneurship that is necessary for economic development.
The empirical research supports this positive causal relationship between the institutions supporting economic freedom and prosperity (Gwartney, Lawson, and Holcombe 1999; Acemoglu, Johnson, and Robinson 2001, 2002; Cole 2003). Rodrik, Subramanian, and Trebbi (2004) summarize this robust finding as #145;Institutions Rule.#146; More recently, economists are pinpointing specific institutions that are important for economic development. An outgrowth of this research is to separate institutions into their formal (government provided and enforced) and their informal (privately provided and enforced) components. An emerging result supports the importance of informal constraints in writing, promoting economic development through its effectiveness in defining and enforcing rules that promote secure property rights, exchange, and named essay prompts the observance of contracts (Anderson and Hill 1979; Benson 1989a, 1989b; Greif 1993; Greif, Milgrom, and Weingast 1994; Nenova and Hartford 2004; Acemoglu and Johnson 2005; Leeson 2007a, 2007b; Tabellini 2007; Williamson 2009). These constraints stem from social norms, culture, customs, and traditions. Thus, a society#146;s virtues are at the core of any institutional arrangement and the subsequent incentive and information structure that is camus, formed to guide social and economic behavior.
This paper attempts to streetcar named prompts understand more specifically the influence that virtues exhibit on economic development. Songs Of Innocence! My conjecture is that virtues promote social cooperation by streetcar essay reducing transaction costs and the costs of monitoring, generating commonalities and songs of innocence focal points, and creating broad rules to guide behavior leading to more economic exchange and production, higher investment, and more entrepreneurship. These interactions form the core or #145;institutional glue#146; necessary for the economic institutions supporting a free and named desire prompts prosperous society to be effective. Songs Of Innocence And Experience Thesis! My approach is twofold. Desire Essay! I focus on addressing two important questions. First, which virtues promote economic freedom and development? Secondly, can we identify determinants of these specific virtues? To answer these questions, I rely on poverty, analysis provided in the economics literature including theoretical, conceptual, and empirical studies.
My analysis is a natural extension of the institutional literature and centers on understanding how virtues help to form the necessary constraints that promote economic freedom and development. Instead of focusing on more traditional virtues such as justice, prudence, and love (see McCloskey 2006) my analysis centers on virtues that are identified in the literature as more relevant for streetcar named prompts supporting economic exchange and production, entrepreneurial activities, and the provision of public goods. The first three; trust, respect, and writing individual motivation, are expected to named desire essay encourage and support market activity and exchange favoring economic development. The fourth virtue, obedience, can create an environment where individuals are less likely to engage in poverty thesis, innovative, entrepreneurial activities hindering economic advancement. Section 2 provides an overview of each virtue in streetcar named desire essay prompts, detail explaining how these virtues affect and promote economic exchange and production and poverty thus providing the foundation for freedom.
Section 3 explores the second question and attempts to explain possible sources of values, beliefs, and culture. This section addresses several possible explanations in the current literature with particular emphasis on two main sources. Formal institutions and government behavior could determine and affect a society#146;s virtues. One argument is that in the absence of a virtuous society government may be necessary to fill in streetcar essay prompts, the void. A second explanation is that government may be the 10 steps writing source of the absence.
I explore each in detail, finding support for named desire essay the second argument. In addition, I investigate an alternative hypothesis where engaging in market activity, i.e. trade, may enhance and nurture our virtues. Section 4 concludes with the implications of the analysis. 2. Poverty Thesis! The Four Virtues. Economists since Adam Smith (1759) have studied how attitudes, beliefs, culture, norms, and morality affect economic prosperity. We have a general understanding that virtues are important for supporting social cooperation but pinpointing which ones matter and how they matter has been more elusive. My conjecture is that virtues are important because they promote economic freedom and the supporting institutions that in turn promote economic development. This section attempts to specify which virtues are identified as serving this role. Currently, the named desire essay most general attempt to provide an analysis on which virtues are important is found by the recent work on culture and development (Barro and McCleary 2003; Licht, Goldschmidt and Schwartz 2004; Pejovich 2004; Francois, Patrick and Jan Zabojnik 2005; Jones 2006; Tabellini 2007, 2008; Shirley 2008). This work focuses on how different cultural characteristics determine the performance of a society by framing the perceptions of individuals regarding opportunities and alternatives (North 2005).
Guiso et al. (2006: 23) defines culture as #147; . . . 10 Steps Writing Essay! those customary beliefs and values that ethnic, religious, and social groups transmit fairly unchanged from generation to generation.#148; Starting from this general definition, the literature has focused on several specific indicators, including values, beliefs, trust and respect for others, which are relevant to social and economic interaction. Drawing from streetcar essay prompts, several bodies of writing essay literature, I identify four main virtues as being the named desire essay most important for forming the core of any society#146;s institutional structure that guide economic activities. These virtues include trust, respect, individual self-determination, and obedience. Trust, respect, and individual self-determination encourage social and economic exchange as well as production and entrepreneurship. Obedience negatively impacts economic development by hindering risk taking entrepreneurial activities. Amazing Grace! Building from this work, trust, respect, individual self-determination, and obedience are four important virtues to be assessed. I provide supporting theoretical and empirical evidence below. The virtue of trust and streetcar named its function in a market economy is highlighted by Smith (1759). Smith argues that trust is one of the most important virtues needed to sustain a vibrant exchange economy.
Trust and reciprocity are a significant foundation for the roots of any market exchange. Through the process of 6: Performance joint exchange, trade relationships emerge. The process of streetcar named essay trade can continue because of the trust relationship established. This relationship promotes increased interaction leading to a further extent of the newton grace market. Streetcar Named Essay! Thus, the Smithian gains from trade are born. Smith also argues that as an economy continues to develop it markets, trustworthiness will become even more important to sustain and promote economic exchange. Klein (2000) defines trust as a confidence that an individual who makes an agreement will follow through with the terms of the promise. Therefore, all economic activities that require some future involvement will need an 10 steps essay, element of trust. In fact, it can be argued that every commercial transaction involves some level of trust. Individuals with higher trust societies spend less time diverting resources to protect themselves to avoid being exploited and more time engaging in productive activities. In other words, trust reduces the transactions costs of engaging in market exchange leading to increased market production and streetcar desire more efficient outcomes (Dixit 2004).
A lack of trust between individuals creates additional barriers to of innocence economic interaction resulting in individuals trading among small networks rather than expanding into anonymous market participation. This discourages innovation, entrepreneurship, and streetcar desire prompts investments in essay, both human and physical capital. The literature on social capital also highlights the important role that trust can play in encouraging social cooperation. Specifically, the level of trust raises or lowers the productivity of a society#146;s institutions (Coleman 1988; Putnam 1993; and Fukuyama 1996). According to Coleman (1988), social capital is a key productive ingredient for the achievement of certain goals that otherwise would not be attainable.
Jacobs (1961) argues that informal networks present in thriving cities depend on a level of trust and reciprocity between traders, shop owners, and the consumers. Streetcar Desire Essay Prompts! It is amazing grace essay, these networks that ultimately create and sustain a successful city. Trust is also needed in situations where interactions are infrequent. This includes settings like local governments#146; provision of public goods, university administration, government bureaucracies, or any large scale organization (La Porta, Lopez-de-Silanes, Shleifer, Vishny 1997). In higher trust societies, individuals do not need to rely as much on formal institutions to enforce contracts and agreements. This becomes especially important in countries without access to formal legal enforcement mechanisms. Essay! By reducing the cost of essay stranger camus monitoring and lowering transactions costs, trust can encourage secure property rights (Williamson and streetcar named essay prompts Kerekes 2009). Interpersonal trust can partially substitute for government enforcement when governments are simple unable or unwilling to provide it (Knack and Keefer 1997). In addition to possibly substituting for government, social capital may also improve the performance of government by providing additional checks on government self-interest (Putnam 1993).
The role of trust in the empirical literature has become increasingly more important in essay camus, explaining difference in cross country performance (Knack and Keefer 1997; Woolcock 1998; Francois and Zabojnik 2005; Chan 2007). The existence and evolution of named desire prompts social networks and trust is largely a determinant in songs, a country#146;s growth rate and their standard of living. Also, trust is desire essay prompts, shown to promote secure property rights, increase investment, and essay stranger entrepreneurship. A lack of trust between individuals creates additional barriers to economic interaction resulting small networks rather than anonymous market participation. When individuals do not expand market activity, we do not realize Smith#146;s gains from specialization under the division of labor. In summary, the literature suggests that trust promotes social cooperation and encourages more exchange relationships which translates into higher levels of economic development and growth. 2.3. Individual Self-Determination. Our second virtue captures how individuals make choices regarding their efforts toward succeeding in life. If a person is highly self-motivated then fewer rules are required to persuade that person to better their economic welfare. However, the more #145;lazy#146; a person becomes, it may be necessary to require a different set of rules to motivate that person.
This implies that self-determination cannot be assessed without understanding the context behind the choices (section 3 discusses this in more detail below). According to Smith, every individual possess #147;the propensity to truck, barter, and exchange.#148; This natural propensity will determine the extent of streetcar named prompts economic production and exchange. However, how hard individuals choose to best apply their efforts depends on the return from engaging in certain activities. Essay Camus! If it is more profitable to seek opportunities in the marketplace, then individuals will do so promoting economic advancement. Conversely, if individuals view success as a result of external events, they are more likely to have a passive, resigned and lazy attitude towards economic activity. Therefore, individual self determination is influenced by whether individuals reap the benefits or consequences of their actions. This in large part will depend on the institutional environment in which the streetcar desire essay prompts individual exists. Individual determination depends on the perception of how actual effort translates into actual success. Individual drive depends on the level of self control individuals believe they have over their life choices. Managment! An extension of this argument is streetcar essay prompts, that individual choice depends on how much control you feel you have over your life. When individuals think that they have control over their life, they will be more likely to find ways that improve their welfare.
The more likely an individual views economic success as being determined one#146;s own will, the more likely these individuals will engage in productive, future oriented activities. These activities include things like hard work, investment in human capital, and undertaking entrepreneurial actions. However, if individuals view the likelihood of succeeding as a product of luck or political connections, they will tend to not engage in productive economic and social activities. Instead, they may choose to channel their activities toward unproductive activities such as rent seeking. This attitude towards economic activity will surely impact economic development in a country (Banfield 1958). A direct application of john amazing grace this argument can be found in Baumol (1990). He hypothesizes that individuals channel their effort in different directions depending on the type of existing legal, economic, and political institutions. Streetcar Named Desire! This institutional environment determines the relative payoff to investing in either market, wealth-creating activities or investing entrepreneurial energies into wealth redistribution through unproductive political and john legal activities. The incentives provided by the prevailing institutions will determine how individuals pursue entrepreneurship and whether these activities will support high rates of economic growth. The third virtue, defined as tolerance and respect, distinguishes between generalized versus limited morality.
According to Platteau (2000), in hierarchical societies, honesty and norms promoting good conduct are often confined to small networks such as family members or tribal members. It is morally acceptable to engage in highly opportunistic and dishonest behavior outside of the group. Banfield (1958) discovered that in a rural Italian village the principle of good versus evil applied to members within the family only. Principles regarding moral behavior do not apply to outside members. Streetcar Named Desire Essay! Other societies may develop abstract rules to guide social interactions in a generalized sense in order to songs of innocence and experience promote morality among anonymous members of society.
These two distinct types of streetcar desire prompts morality have economic consequences or benefits including the provision of public goods in john newton amazing essay, a local community and the monitoring of political representatives (Banfied 1958; Putnam 1993). The notion of respect is connected to the concept of trust discussed above. In societies with relatively high levels of social capital, individuals will be more trusting of others who are outside their direct kin and friendship networks. Essay Prompts! Abstract rules facilitating cooperation among friends and strangers may emerge, increasing the extent of social networks and the market. In contrast, in societies with lower levels of social capital, and hence lower levels of respect, the extent of the songs of innocence thesis market will be limited to close kin and friendship networks. Rules which facilitate the extent of social networks and markets will fail to emerge. A relevant implication of generalized versus limited morality is that more respectful societies will find it easier to enforce contracts and streetcar prompts secure property rights without relying on formal legal enforcement. Thus, individuals will find it more profitable to engage in widespread market exchange and production even when government legal institutions are lacking.
Also, more respect can lead to individuals being less likely to free ride off other members within their community. This can help to provide many key public goods such as participation in political activities (Putnam 2000), the provision of roads (Klein 2000), and the monitoring political representatives (Banfield 1958). If individuals lack respect for other members of their community, highly opportunistic behavior will be likely, property rights will be insecure, and public good provision will be inadequate leading to lower levels of economic development. The fourth and final virtue captures the importance of obedience in a society. This attitude distinguishes between primarily promoting the individual or whether promoting the collective is more significant. Tabellini (2007) argues that some societies teach that individualism can be destructive. This translates into either the state or the parental unit suppressing individual instincts in thesis, children.
The economic psychology literature indicates that parents play a key role in influencing their children#146;s locus of control and perception of autonomy which directly influences their likelihood of being entrepreneurial as they grow older (see Harper 2003: 54#150;55). Named Desire Essay! Societies where parents discourage individualism also discourage feelings of personal control and determination in their children. The result is reduced risk taking when it comes to social relationships, innovation and entrepreneurship. This has adverse effects on social and economic development. A similar argument can be found in Hofstede (2001), where he defines one of five dimensions of culture as individualism versus collectivism. This aspect of culture defines the relationship between the individual and the collectivity that exists within a society. In some societies, individualism is promoted and seen as beneficial whereas in other groups focusing on the individual is seen as selfish and alienating.
More traditional societies with a strong hierarchal religious following are more likely to essay stranger promote the collective over the individual. This relationship not only matters for streetcar named essay the way that groups live together, but also affects people#146;s attitudes, the functioning of culture institutions, and the structure of social and streetcar desire economic interactions. A more individualistic society will encourage anonymous market transactions, entrepreneurship, and more risk-taking activities, supporting a market economy. However, societies that promote the whole over the individual may suppress social and Chapter 6: Performance economic interactions that would be beneficial to named essay the advancement of the group. Empirically, Hofstede verifies that countries with a higher individualism score outperform countries with a higher collectivism score.
These four virtues have real consequences for the development of economically free institutions that support prosperity. The first three virtues; trust, individual determination, and respect all promote and encourage activities such as widespread trade, investment in human and physical capital, and innovation, which support economic development. Songs Of Innocence Thesis! Our fourth virtue, obedience, or collectivism, hinders the individual from expanding beyond the streetcar named prompts group and prevents beneficial transactions. These relationships are verified by Tabellini (2007). Utilizing data from the World Values Surveys to identify a corresponding question for each component discussed above, he combines all four traits into one index for each country. Tabellini finds that this index displays a strong positive and significant relationship on thesis sweden, economic development.
In cross country comparison, a higher index (high levels trust, respect, and determination and low levels of obedience) leads to desire prompts higher levels of income. His analysis concludes that formally arranged institutions may not be the most important factor for stranger growth because of the desire essay role played by these attributes. This supports the argument that the virtues of trust, respect, and individual self determination (and a lack of obedience) are important in grace essay, providing the foundation for a market economy. 3. Promoting a Virtuous Society. The above section presented four core virtues that are important for creating economic institutions. The next logical step is to ask what promotes and streetcar desire essay prompts determines these virtues.
Recent attempts are made to try and songs of innocence thesis understand what influences culture, values, trust, and social capital. Named Desire Essay Prompts! This section summarizes these studies, focusing on two particular themes in the literature. Stranger Camus! First, what role does the government serve in streetcar named desire prompts, directing our virtues? Secondly, I focus on culture thesis, how markets affect our virtues with particular emphasis on the role of trade. Our virtues may not be truly exogenous.
Putnam (1993) argues that trust is formed from an extended period of building relationships from commercial and civic activities. These associations are influenced by streetcar named desire essay prompts the type of structures imposed on thesis, society. For example, he states that the Catholic Church imposes a hierarchical structure that discourages trust formation. Streetcar Desire Prompts! This can be generally applied to all four of our virtues where a hierarchical religion may discourage trust, respect, and individual determination, while promoting obedience. La Porta, Lopez-de-Silanes, Shleifer, and thesis Vishny (1997) empirically find that trust is lower in countries with dominant hierarchical religions. This argument is similar to Weber#146;s (1905) thesis. According to named desire prompts Weber, Calvinism (Protestantism) induced individuals to john grace essay engage in hard work, market exchange, and wealth creation providing the foundation to capitalism. Empirically, his thesis is supported by Grier (1997) who confirms the positive effect of Protestantism on economic performance. Knack and Keefer (1997) also undertake an empirical investigation into determinates of trust and civic cooperation. They test the effects of group memberships, polarization and inequality, formal institutions, income levels, and education rates. Their results find a positive and significant effect on trust from both income levels and educational attainment.
Putnam#146;s group membership does not display a significant effect on the level of trust, whereas income inequality does contribute to lower levels of trust and norms. As ethnic homogeneity increases, so does the level of trust within a country. Named Essay Prompts! The formal measure of licentiate institutions, Polity IV#146;s Constraints on the Executive is positively and significantly impacting trust. This result suggests that formal institutional rules preventing arbitrary acts from the government is an named essay prompts, important influence on a society#146;s morals, norms, and virtues. This last finding highlights an important area that needs further exploration: how does the government influence our virtues? 3.1. The Role of amazing essay Government. The relationship between formal institutions and virtues is complex, with each influencing one another, suggesting that virtues may not be completely exogenous. This sub-section attempts to understand this relationship in more detail. In the absence of a virtuous society, it may be necessary for government to take a more active role in named desire prompts, creating and sustaining rules and regulations to support economic growth. Essay! The operation of streetcar desire a market economy depends on the ability for individuals to develop relationships built on trust.
In order for people to songs of innocence and experience enter into contracts and engage in exchange, some element of trust must be present. Named Desire Essay Prompts! However, when these virtues are not present, government may find it beneficial to establish more rules to govern our lives. While this argument may seem plausible on the surface, a deeper analysis suggests that governments are often a source of extortion and interference rather than a productive unit providing necessary rules to promote increased market interactions. Governments do not always make decisions based on 10 steps writing essay, public interest, but often choose polices more in line with politician#146;s interests and that of special interest groups. Desire Essay! When governments behave in such predatory behavior, individuals living under those rules may begin to culture thesis alter their views, culture, and values.
As such, the informal rules guiding social and economic interactions may begin to essay prompts break down. For example, governments may have written formal political constraints, such as a constitutional rule preventing public expropriation of private property. However, if officials fail to essay actually abide by streetcar desire essay these institutional rules, different informal beliefs and customs, such as lower levels of newton grace trust among individuals, may start being adopted. As a consequence, societies may become more corrupt due to government actions and regulations. For example, Garrett and Sobel (2003) illustrate how political favoritism and pressures play a significant role in streetcar named desire prompts, government natural disaster relief efforts and Managment financial support.
In a follow-up study, Leeson and Sobel (2008) contribute part of U.S. corruption to the new opportunities created for theft from FEMA-provide natural disaster relief. This argument is a similar result emerging from the literature examining the effects of named desire prompts foreign aid on the government quality. Svensson (2000), Knack (2001), and Djankov, Montalvo, and Reynal-Querol (2006) provide powerful evidence that aid destroys democratic institutions in recipient countries. Poverty Culture Thesis! According to this argument, foreign aid shifts the incentives away from productive behavior to unproductive activities such as rent-seeking, political corruption, bribery, and streetcar prompts political fighting. The result is thesis sweden, a deterioration of democratic and economic institutions including a society#146;s norms, values, and culture that guide everyday interactions. Leeson (2005) provides another example of how government institutions can create a distrusting, more fractionalized society. He explains how the imposition of formal institutions not in line with informal norms and values in pre-colonial Africa resulted in a fractionalized continent.
Colonial institutions created noise in pre-established signaling devices, inhibiting widespread cooperation and eliminating any economic and desire prompts cultural benefits from widespread exchange. By stifling trade between diverse groups, formal, colonial institutions caused groups to have a lower tolerance for other tribes, lowering the amount of trust and writing respect between groups, and contributing to Africa#146;s poor economic growth. Meadowcroft and Pennington (2007) provide an essay prompts, explanation as to how governments may do more harm than good when trying to #145;supply#146; virtues. The development of #145;bridging#146; social capital requires a level of generalized trust between parties. This code of conduct will be built from a common set of morals, generating a higher level tolerance and respect for Chapter 6: Performance other individuals who may be very different from oneself. This emerges as a result of many social and economic interactions where individuals find it in their self-interest to figure out desire, ways to cooperate with each other. If government attempts to step in and provide and enforce a common set of goals, this more than likely will lead to conflict and 10 steps essay social disintegration as government typically does not have the right incentives or the necessary information to streetcar desire supply generalized rules. Instead of providing and enforcing abstract rules that apply to everyone, governments typically fall prey to 10 steps political interests where rules targeted at specific groups and streetcar essay specific ends are more likely to 6: Performance Managment materialize.
For example, McChesney (1990) highlights what can happen when government uses its powers to regulate specific groups. From 1887 to 1934 the U.S. government chose to allocate Indian rights to reservation land based on a large complex system that defined land inefficiently in order to maximize bureaucrats#146; budgets. The beneficiary from both the streetcar process of 6: Performance Managment privatization and the end of privatization was not the Indians; it was government politicians. The result of taking informal land rights and creating a formal land structure did not enhance social welfare but political welfare. Streetcar Named Desire Prompts! The implications of licentiate thesis such policies will more than likely have lasting effects on Indian attitudes and belief systems complicating future transactions. In summary, the named desire government#146;s attempt to provide social capital, morality, and virtues will more than likely lead to the destruction of a virtuous society instead of the creation of one. Even if a society#146;s virtues are not at its #145;optimal#146; level, the Chapter 6: Performance state having the correct incentives and adequate information to fill in this gap is highly unlikely. The government#146;s ability to culturally plan will fail on desire prompts, the same grounds as economic planning.
A government#146;s productive role in enhancing society is based on providing fundamental institutions and limiting regulations and interventions in a market economy allowing civil society to evolve on and experience, its own. 3.2. The Role of Free Trade. #147;The crossroads of trade are the meeting place of ideas, the attrition ground of rival customs and beliefs; diversities beget conflict, comparison, thought; superstitions cancel one another, and reason begins.#148; Will Durant, The Life of Greece. Instead of emphasizing how governments can #145;culturally plan#146; and build our social capital, in this section, I argue that we should focus on another avenue for positively enhancing our virtues. This avenue is one of participation in production, exchange, and trade relationships. While some critics argue that it is actually the market that erodes our morals (for example see Plant 1999), this section focuses on how engaging in market transactions increases our tolerance for others, builds trust and respect, and enhances other virtuous attributes. In addition to named essay prompts the gains associated with economic exchange, the exchange of ideas has the impact of shaping values, perceptions, and thesis sweden beliefs of named desire those participating in licentiate, these interactions. These changes in values subsequently impact the evolution of social and economic interactions.
In other words, a market economy not only provides economic benefits but it actually creates a more civilized society. Hayek argues that one of the most important components to streetcar named essay prompts civil society is participation in john amazing grace, markets. The exchange order, or the catallaxy, means to bring a stranger into friendship. Through the process of exchanging, individuals learn how to communicate, cooperate, and trust one another. As the economy moves from streetcar named desire essay prompts, small group interaction to one built on anonymous market participation, a society also transitions from songs of innocence and experience, uncivilized to a civilized society. Bauer explicitly makes this argument where the process from streetcar named prompts, a subsistence economy into an exchange economy creates not only 10 steps writing, wealth enhancing opportunities but also a transformation of traditions, norms, and values. Whereas Putnam views the market as undermining civil society, Hume and Smith state that commerce will be a civilizing force contributing to social cooperation. Market interactions are based on general rules that reward productive, cooperating individuals and punish those who engage in predatory behavior.
Our interactions in the marketplace teach us habits and values, such as hard work and honesty. Streetcar Named Desire Essay Prompts! Trade not only provides economic benefits through specialization and and experience thesis the division of labor, but it also provides us with cultural benefits. Streetcar Named Essay! Trade leads to stranger new opportunities for interaction and increases the market for ideas, beliefs and values. Through market participation, individuals gain exposure to streetcar desire prompts knowledge, innovation, and alternative ways of life. This allows for essay stranger cultural and institutional competition, experimentation, and evolution. McCloskey (2006) contends that markets and exchange nourish and cultivate individual character, virtues, and ethics for the better. Most critiques of capitalism attack it on a moral basis arguing that markets alienate us from one another and destroys the streetcar desire essay communal spirit. McCloskey argues the exact opposite. Songs! Specifically, the values created from an exchange economy not only serve as a vehicle for material progress but also as a medium for human flourishing. She explicitly argues that #147;participation in capitalist bourgeois virtues has civilized the world#148; (26).
She notes that markets are frequently an #147;occasion for virtue, an streetcar named desire essay prompts, expression of solidarity across gender, social class and ethnicity#148; (4). In short, capitalism is good for the soul. In terms of the culture thesis social capital literature (Meadowcroft and Pennington 2007), global expansion of markets has allowed communities that have little in common to become connected by trade, thus leading to the development of a more inclusive #145;bridging#146; social capital. In addition, a market based economy can support both #145;bonding#146; and streetcar named prompts #145;bridging#146; capital further reducing transactions costs. People involved in such trading relationships must obey a set of moral rules even though they may have little in else in common. Economic exchange contributes towards a more civilized society through enhancing our four main virtues discussed above. For example, trade provides individuals with new alternatives and opportunities.
Therefore it is a way of increasing self-autonomy and #147;locus of control,#148; decreasing the level of sweden obedience while increasing individual self-determination. The market increases the choice set facing individuals, giving them increased control over their lives and empowering individuals. A related benefit of desire essay economic exchange interactions is john amazing essay, that integration reduces transaction and information costs. Streetcar Desire! As individuals build economic relationships this creates commonalities reducing the costs associated with interaction and exchange. These reduced transaction costs lead to increased interaction, fostering trust and poverty culture thesis respect, contributing to the growth of social networks and the extent of the market. In addition, as trade networks evolve, abstract rules and expectations governing interaction and cooperation emerge. These general rules may begin to displace the streetcar named desire essay insider-outsider mentality fostering a more generalized morality and increasing the level of respect.
Cowen (2002) captures the essence of sweden this view when he notes that individuals engaged in exchange #147; . . . expect those transactions to make them better off, to enrich their cultural lives, and to increase their menu of choices#148; (12). His claim is not that values are never eroded due to economic exchange, but rather that the process of #147;creative destruction#148; serves to have the overall effect of enhancing our attitudes, cultures, and streetcar named prompts virtues. Stated differently, economic exchange and development have real effects on songs thesis, a country#146;s culture, and on desire essay, net those effects are beneficial. Culture! According to Cowen, economic exchange has both negative and positive spillovers on the non-economic aspects of a society, including values due to the exposure to new ideas, values, and beliefs. However, overall, he still views trade as a mechanism contributing to cultural enrichment. In summary, in addition to increases in streetcar essay, material wealth, access to 6: Performance Managment markets and economic exchange provides individuals with the potential to foster and influence other aspects of society. As individual participate in anonymous market transactions and named desire essay engage in john newton essay, exchange, they build relationships which in turn expose individuals to new knowledge, ideas, values, cultures, and virtues. These include trust, respect, hard work, and honesty. As a result, transactions costs are reduced, commonalities are created, and social cooperation is encouraged and sustained.
4. Concluding Remarks. The #145;Institutions Rule#146; literature provides a framework for understanding how the rules of the game matter significantly for promoting economic development. In this paper, I present an streetcar named desire essay prompts, argument where virtues play an important role in structuring and forming any institutional arrangement. A society#146;s ideas, beliefs, morals, and culture structure everyday social and economic interactions. These interactions cultivate general rules promoting social cooperation by 10 steps writing reducing transactions costs, generating commonalities and focal points leading to more economic exchange and named essay prompts production, higher investment, and more entrepreneurship.
Therefore, virtues provide the thesis foundation for economic freedom and development. This essay explores two important questions surrounding the interaction of civil society, freedom, and development. In particular, I attempt to specify particular virtues which are important for essay prompts economic exchange and prosperity as well as explore potential sources of these virtues. Instead of thesis sweden focusing on more traditional virtues such as justice and streetcar essay love, my analysis centers on virtues that are more relevant for supporting economic exchange and production. Writing! Trust, respect, and individual motivation encourage and support market activity and named desire essay exchange favoring economic development, whereas obedience or collectivism leads to poverty culture thesis individuals not engaging in innovative, entrepreneurial activities. These virtues do not emerge in a black box. A society#146;s morals are context dependent indicating that individuals#146; attitudes and beliefs will respond to the institutional environment that they operate in. Particularly, individuals respond to formal rules and government behavior. Streetcar Essay! My analysis indicates that government#146;s attempt to provide social capital, morality, and virtues will more than likely lead to the destruction of a virtuous society instead of the john newton amazing essay creation of one.
A government#146;s productive role in enhancing society is based on named essay prompts, providing fundamental institutions and limiting regulations and interventions in a market economy allowing civil society to evolve on its own. Virtuous behavior will spontaneously arise because individuals will find it is their self-interest to discover ways of cooperating with one another. In a commercial society where individuals are engaging in economic exchange, the exchange of ideas, knowledge and values will also result. During this process, relationships based on abstract rules, higher trust and respect, and a greater sense of self will emerge. In other words, a market economy not only provides economic benefits but it actually creates a more civilized society. Culture! The invisible hand of competitive markets not only guides economic exchange leading to the improvement of goods and services; it also provides the incentives for desire cultural exchange and improvement promoting a more virtuous and free society.
 See Boettke, Coyne, and Leeson (2008).  Banfield (1958) contrasts a rural village in Southern Italy with rural communities in stranger camus, the U.S. He found that the Italian peasants had developed a sense of helplessness, while the rural Americans seemed individually motivated.  This virtue highlights the feedback process between individual attitude and beliefs and government provided institutions. This relationship will be further discussed in desire essay prompts, section 3.  Baumol#146;s theory is empirically supported by Sobel (2008).
 This is achieved by summing trust, control, and respect, and subtracting the essay obedience score This comprehensive measure is converted to a relative scale ranging from 0 to 10, with 10 representing the country with the strongest culture conducive to economic development and 0 representing the country with the weakest culture that encourage economic progress. Countries with the highest culture scores include Sweden, The Netherlands, and Denmark, while those ranking in the bottom are Uganda, Tanzania, and Algeria.  Williamson and Kerekes (2009) find that Tabellini#146;s culture measure is one of the named essay most significant factors in john newton essay, explaining the security of private property across countries.  Similar work on civil institutions supports the positive and significant relationship between economic freedom and development (see Knack and Keefer 1995, for example).  Hierarchical religions included Catholicism, Eastern Orthodox, and Muslim.  Ricketts (2000) attributes the decline of desire essay prompts reputational mechanisms and ethos in of innocence and experience thesis, the financial sector to an increase in government regulation.
As government has taken over regulation of lending practices, lending institutions do not have the streetcar desire incentive to compete on character and reputation leading to a decline in corporate responsibility.  Openness to trade has impacted culture for centuries. In his detailed history of trade, Bernstein (2008) traces the non-economic influences of trade to ancient Mesopotamia.  To illuminate this point, consider the markets that developed in Antwerp and Amsterdam in the late 17 th and early 18 th centuries. While there were thriving markets in economic goods such as herring, salts, spices and wool, there was also a flourishing exchange of published materials containing ideas regarding free and stranger camus critical thought, as well alternative religious views (Bernstein 2008).  Empirically, this relationship is streetcar named, explored by poverty thesis Coyne and Williamson (2009). This study supports the conclusion that trade openness is a determinant of streetcar named desire prompts culture beneficial for economic development. Acemoglu, Daron, and Simon Johnson. John Essay! (2005). #147;Unbundling Institutions,#148; Journal of Political Economy 113(5): 949#150;995. Acemoglu, Daron, Simon Johnson, and James A. Streetcar Named Desire Prompts! Robinson. (2001). #147;The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation,#148; The American Economic Review 91(5): 1369#150;1401. Acemoglu, Daron, Simon Johnson, and James A. Robinson. (2002). #147;Reversal of Fortune: Geography and Institutions in the Making of the Modern World Income Distribution,#148; The Quarterly Journal of licentiate thesis sweden Economics 117(4): 1231#150;1294. Anderson, Terry and Peter J. Hill. (1979). #147;An American Experiment in Anarcho-Capitalism: The Not so Wild, Wild West,#148; Journal of streetcar named desire essay Libertarian Studies 3(1): 9#150;29.
Banfield, E.C. (1958). The Moral Basis of a Backward Society, New York: The Free Press. Baumol, William J. 10 Steps Writing Essay! (1990). #147;Entrepreneurship: Productive, Unproductive and Destructive,#148; Journal of streetcar Political Economy 98(5): 893#150;921. Barro Robert J. and Rachel M. McCleary. (2003). #147;Religion and licentiate Economic Growth across Countries,#148; American Sociological Review 68(5): 760#150;781. Bauer, Peter T. (2000). From Subsistence to Exchange and Other Essays, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Benson, Bruce L. (1989a). Streetcar Named! #147;Enforcement of Private Property Rights in stranger, Primitive Societies: Law Without Government,#148; The Journal of Libertarian Studies 9(1): 1#150;26. #151;#151;#151;. (1989b). #147;The Spontaneous Evolution of Commercial Law,#148; Southern Economic Journal 55(3): 644#150;661.
Bernstein, William J. 2008. A Splendid Exchange: How Trade Shaped the World. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press. Boettke, Coyne, and Leeson. (2008). #147;Institutional Stickiness and the New Development Economics,#148; American Journal of Economics and Sociology 67(2): 331#150;358. Coyne, Christopher J. and Claudia R. Williamson. (2008). #147;Culture Eroded or Enriched?
The Impact of streetcar desire essay prompts Trade Openness on Culture,#148; Mimeo, West Virginia University and Appalachian State University. Chan, Kenneth S. 2007. #147;Trade, Social Values, and the Generalized Trust,#148; Southern Economic Journal 73(3): 733#150;753. Coleman, J. (1988). #147;Social Capital in the Creation of Human Capital,#148; American Journal of Sociology 94:95#150;120. Cowen, Tyler. Essay! 2002. Creative Destruction: How Globalization is Changing the World#146;s Culture. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. Demsetz, Harold. (1967). #147;Toward a Theory of Property Rights,#148; The American Economic Review 57(2): 347#150;359. Durant, Will. (1939). The Life of Greece: The Story of Civilization, NY: Simon Schuster.
Cole, J.H. (2003). #147;The Contribution of streetcar named essay Economic Freedom to World Economic Growth, 1980#150;99,#148; Cato Journal 23: 189#150;198. Dixit, A. K. (2004). Lawlessness and Economics: Alternative Modes of Governance. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Djankov, Simeon, Jose Garcia Montalvo, and Marta Reynal-Querol.
2006. Culture Thesis! #147;The Curse of Aid,#148; Working Paper, Universitat Popmeu Fabra. Francois, Patrick and Jan Zabojnik. 2005. #147;Trust, Social Capital and Economic Development,#148; Journal of European Economic Association #148; 3(1): 51#150;94. Fukuyama, Francis. 1996.
Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity. Streetcar Desire Prompts! New York: Simon and 10 steps essay Schuster. Garrett, Thomas A. and Russell S. Sobel. (2003). #147;The Political Economy of FEMA Disaster Payments,#148; Economic Inquiry 41(3): 496#150;509. Gwartney, J.D., Lawson, R.A., Holcombe, R.G., 1999. #147;Economic Freedom and named essay prompts the Environment for Economic Growth.#148; Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics 155(4): 1#150;21. Greif, Avner. (1993). Thesis Sweden! #147;Contract Enforceability and Economic Institutions in named desire essay, Early Trade: The Maghribi Traders#146; Coalition,#148; The American Economic Review, 83(3): 525#150;548. Greif, Avner, Paul Milgrom, and Barry R. 10 Steps! Weingast. Streetcar Essay Prompts! (1994). #147;Coordination, Commitment, and Enforcement: The Case of the camus Merchant Guild,#148; The Journal of Political Economy 102(4): 745#150;776. Grier, Robin, (1997). #147;The Effect of Religion on Economic Development: A Cross National Study of Sixty-three Former Colonies,#148; Kyklos, 50(1): 47#150;62.
Guiso, Luigi, Paola Sapienza and streetcar named desire essay prompts Luigi Zingales. 2006 #147;Does Culture Affect Economic Outcomes?#148; Journal of Economic Perspectives 20(2): 23#150;48. Harper, David A. Chapter 6: Performance Managment! 2003. Foundations of streetcar named desire essay Entrepreneurship and essay Economic Development. Streetcar! New York: Routledge. Hayek, F. A. (1960).
The Constitution of 6: Performance Liberty, Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press. Hofstede, Geert. (2001). Culture#146;s Consequences: Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions, and Organizations across Nations, 2 nd edition, California: Sage Publicaitons. Jacobs, Jane (1961). The Death and Life of Great American Cities, New York: The Modern Library. Jones, Eric L. (2006). Cultures Merging: A Historical and Economic Critique of Culture, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Klein, Daniel B. (2000). Assurance and Trust in desire essay prompts, a Great Society, Irvington-on-Hudson, NY: The Foundation for Economic Education. Knack, Stephen. (2001). #147;Aid Dependence and the Quality of essay Governance: Cross-Country Empirical Tests,#148; Southern Economic Journal 68(2): 310#150;29. Knack, Stephen and Philip Keefer. Streetcar Named Essay! (1995). #147;Institutions and Economic Performance: Cross Country tests Using Alternative Institutional Measures,#148; Economics and Politics 7(3): 207#150;228. Knack, Stephen and Philip Keefer. (1997). #147;Does Social Capital Have an Economic Payoff?#148; The Quarterly Journal of Economics 112(4): 1251#150;1288. La Porta, Rafael, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, Andrei Shleifer, and poverty Robert W. Streetcar Named Essay Prompts! Vishny. (1997). #147;Trust in Large Organizations.#148; The American Economic Review, Vol. 87, No.
2, Papers and licentiate thesis Proceedings of the Hundred and Fourth Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association: 333#150;338. Leeson, Peter T. (2005). #147;Endogenizing Fractionalization,#148; Journal of Institutional Economics 1(1): 75#150;98. #151;#151;#151;. Named Essay Prompts! (2007a). #147;Better off Stateless: Somalia Before and After Government Collapse,#148; Journal of Comparative Economics 35(4): 689#150;710. #151;#151;#151;. Amazing Essay! (2007b). #147;Trading with Bandits,#148; Journal of named desire Law and Economics 50(2): 303#150;321. Leeson, Peter T., and Russell S. Sobel. (2008). #147;Weathering Corruption,#148; Journal of Law and Economics 51(4): 667#150;681. Licht, Amir N., Chanan Goldschmidt and Shalom H. Schwartz. 2007. #147;Culture Rules: The Foundations of the Rule of Law and Other Norms of Governance,#148; Journal of Comparative Economics 35: 659#150;688.
Meadowcroft, John and john amazing grace essay Mark Pennington. (2007). Rescuing Social Capital from Social Democracy, London: The Institute of Economic Affairs. McChesney, Fred S. (1990). #147;Government as Definer of named desire prompts Property Rights: Indian Lands, Ethnic Externalities, and Bureaucratic Budgets,#148; The Journal of Legal Studies 19(2): 297#150;335. McCloskey, Deirdre N. 2006. The Bourgeois Virtues: Ethics for an Age of licentiate Commerce, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Montesquieu, Charles de Secondat (1989, ). The Spirit of the Laws, New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Nenova, Tatiana and Tim Harford. (2004). Streetcar Essay Prompts! #147;Anarchy and newton grace essay Invention: How Does Somalia Cope Without Government?#148; Public Policy for the Private Sector, Washington, DC: The World Bank. North, Douglass C. (1990). Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance, New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. North, Douglass C. (2005).
Understanding the Process of Economic Change, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Pejovich, Svetozar (Steve). 2003. Streetcar Named Essay! #147;Understanding the Transaction Costs of newton grace essay Transition: It#146;s the desire prompts Culture, Stupid,#148; Review of thesis Austrian Economics 16(4):347#150;361. Plant, R. (1999). Named Essay Prompts! #147;The Moral Boundaries of Markets,#148; in Norman, R. (ed). Amazing Grace Essay! (1999) Ethics and the Market, Aldershot: Ashgate. Platteau, J.P. (2000). Streetcar Essay! Institutions, Social Norms, and Economic Development, Harwood: Academic Publishers Routledge.
Putnam, R.D. (1993). Making Democracy Work. Civic Traditions in Modern Italy, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Putnam, R. (2000). Bowling Alone: the Collapse and Revival of American Community.
New York: Simon and Schuster. Rickets, M. (2000). #147;Competitive Processes and the Evolution of 10 steps Governance Structures,#148; Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines 10(2/3): 235#150;252. Rodrik, Dani, Arvind Subramanian, and Francesco Trebbi. (2004). #147;Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions Over Geography and Integration in Economic Development,#148; Journal of desire prompts Economic Growth 9: 131#150;165. Shirley, Mary M. Chapter! 2008. Institutions and Development, Cheltenham, U.K.: Edward Elgar Publishing, Ltd. Smith, Adam. (1982 ) The Theory of streetcar desire essay Moral Sentiments, Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund. #151;#151;#151;. (1991 ). The Wealth of Nations, New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf, Everyman#146;s Library.
Sobel, Russell S. (2008). #147;Testing Baumol: Institutional Quality and the Productivity of Entrepreneurship,#148; Journal of Business Venturing 23: 641#150;655. Svensson, Jakob (2000). #147;Foreign Aid and Rent-Seeking,#148; Journal of International Economics, 51: 437#150;461. Tabellini, Guido. 2007. #147;Culture and Institutions: Economic Development in the Regions of thesis sweden Europe,#148; Mimeo, Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research, Bocconi University. #151;#151;#151;.
2008. Desire Prompts! #147;Presidential Address: Institutions and thesis Culture,#148; Journal of the European Economic Association 6 (2#150;3): 255#150;294. Weber, Max. 1905 . The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of desire essay prompts Capitalism. John Newton Grace! London: Routledge Classic. Williamson, Claudia R. and Carrie B. Kerekes. 2008. Streetcar Named! #147;Securing Private Property: The Relative Importance of Formal versus Informal Institutions,#148; Mimeo, Appalachian State University and Florida Gulf Coast University.
Williamson, Claudia R. 2008. #147;Informal Institutions Rule: Institutional Arrangements and Economic Performance,#148; Public Choice, forthcoming. Woolcock, Michael. 1998. #147;Social Capital and Economic Development: Toward a Theoretical Synthesis and Policy Framework,#148; Theory and Society 27(2): 151#150;208. 2017 INDEPENDENT INSTITUTE, 100 SWAN WAY, OAKLAND CA 94621?1428 | (510) 632?1366 | (510) 568?6040 FAX | SEND EMAIL.
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